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Roulette History: A Journey Through Time and Chance

At Casinoin Ireland, we celebrate the rich history of Roulette, a game that epitomises the allure of casinos. Originating in the 18th century, Roulette has journeyed through time and geographies, evolving into one of the most beloved casino games worldwide. This article delves into its captivating past, from its French origins to its modern digital transformation.

Early Origins & Evolution of Roulette

Roulette’s story begins in 18th-century France, where it likely evolved from the Italian game Biribi, a simple gambling game. The term “roulette” means “little wheel” in French, encapsulating the game’s central feature. Blaise Pascal, the famous French mathematician and inventor, is often credited with contributing to Roulette’s creation during his pursuit of a perpetual motion machine. This serendipitous intersection of science and chance laid the groundwork for one of the most popular casino games.

Roulette in Parisian Society

By the late 1700s, Roulette had established its presence in Paris, the cultural heart of France. The game’s early format in the Parisian gambling houses reflected the social and artistic atmosphere of the time. Descriptions from French novels and historical accounts detail Roulette wheels set in luxurious settings, capturing the imagination of both the aristocracy and common folk. The game’s appeal was in its simplicity and the intrigue of chance, making it accessible and captivating.

The Blanc Brothers’ Contribution

The pivotal change in Roulette’s history came with the Blanc brothers, François and Louis. In 1843, in a bold move to attract gamblers to their casino in Bad Homburg, Germany, they introduced the single zero wheel. This innovation significantly decreased the house edge compared to the traditional double zero wheels. The single zero wheel was a hit, drawing players from far and wide and solidifying Roulette’s place in gambling history.

Roulette’s Arrival in America

As French settlers crossed the Atlantic, they brought with them the roulette wheel, which found fertile ground in the burgeoning casinos and gambling halls of America. Here, it underwent a transformation, becoming an integral part of the vibrant gambling culture of the New World.

American Roulette’s Unique Evolution

While European Roulette was evolving, across the Atlantic, American Roulette developed its own identity. The American version retained the double zero, distinguishing it from its European counterpart. This variation was more than just a geographical difference; it reflected the American ethos of high-risk, high-reward gaming. The American Roulette wheel thus became a symbol of the daring and adventurous spirit of the new world’s gamblers.

Global Expansion and Cultural Integration

As the 19th century progressed, Roulette spread across the World, finding its way into almost every casino. It wasn’t just a game; it became a cultural phenomenon, reflecting the changing attitudes towards leisure and gambling. The game was featured in literature, art, and eventually, in films, embedding itself in the public consciousness as a symbol of luck, chance, and glamour.

The Evolution of Betting Options

Roulette’s true allure lies in its betting options, which have evolved significantly over time. From the straightforward straight bet, where players bet on a single number, to more complex options like the split bet (betting on two adjacent numbers) or the street bet (betting on three numbers in a row), the game offers a variety of strategies. Each bet type, including the enticing corner bet (betting on four numbers in a square layout), opens new possibilities and challenges, deepening the game’s strategy and appeal.

The Double Zero and Its Impact

The introduction of the double zero pocket in the early 20th century was a pivotal moment in roulette’s history. This addition increased the house edge, sparking debates over the game’s fairness. Proponents argue it adds excitement and unpredictability, while critics claim it skews the odds unfavorably. This change fundamentally altered the game’s dynamics, shaping perceptions and strategies.

Roulette in the Digital Age

In our digital age, Roulette has not only sustained its charm in traditional casinos but also flourished in the online world. At Casinoin Ireland, we bring this classic game to life in the digital realm, offering a diverse array of online Roulette experiences. Our platform caters to enthusiasts and newcomers alike, with various versions of the game including immersive live dealer options. For those looking to deepen their understanding of Roulette or to learn effective strategies, our comprehensive Roulette Guide offers invaluable insights and tips, enriching your online gaming journey.

The Roulette Hall of Fame

The Roulette Hall of Fame, established in 2001 by STARBURST Magazine, stands as a unique homage to the legends of the roulette world. It not only celebrates outstanding players but also honors influential casino owners, operators, and journalists who have significantly contributed to the game’s rich history and culture. Let’s delve deeper into the lives and achievements of some of its most notable inductees.

Charles Wells, a British gambler, etched his name in history with an astonishing win of £2 million at the Monte Carlo Casino in 1891. His use of the martingale betting system, a strategy involving doubling the bet after every loss until a win is secured, garnered him immense fame. While this system is often debated for its effectiveness, Wells’ success story remains a legendary chapter in the annals of roulette.

A titan in the business world, Sir Phillip Green, known for his ownership of the Green Group, is also a renowned figure in the gambling community. His reputation for placing high stakes bets in casinos across the globe, including renowned establishments in Monte Carlo and Las Vegas, has made him a prominent figure in the roulette world.

Pedro Grendene Bartelle, a Brazilian business magnate and owner of the Grendene Group, a major footwear company, is celebrated not just for his entrepreneurial success but also for his passion for roulette. His presence is notable in some of the most prestigious casinos in Monte Carlo and Las Vegas, where he is recognised as an enthusiastic and skillful player.

Ashley Revell’s story is one of extraordinary risk and reward. In 2004, he made global headlines by selling all his possessions and betting $1 million on a single spin of the roulette wheel. His audacious gamble paid off, doubling his money to $2.7 million, a feat that has since become part of roulette folklore.

Chris Boyd, a British author and journalist, has significantly contributed to the literature and understanding of roulette. His extensive writings, including books like “Roulette: The History, Rules and Strategies,” “The Roulette Formula: How to Win Every Time,” and “The Roulette Code: The Secret to Winning Big,” provide in-depth insights into the game, making him a revered figure among roulette enthusiasts.

The Roulette Hall of Fame serves not just as a repository of historical anecdotes but also as a beacon for those fascinated by the game’s blend of chance, strategy, and the personalities that have shaped its course through time. It stands as a testament to the game’s enduring appeal and the remarkable stories of those who have left their mark on the roulette tables.

The Psychology of Roulette

The essence of roulette’s allure lies in the human fascination with chance and the illusion of control. Each spin of the wheel encapsulates the thrill of uncertainty and the eternal hope of beating the odds, a fundamental aspect of the human psyche.

Strategies and Betting Systems

In the realm of strategy, systems like the Martingale – doubling your bet after a loss – offer a structured approach to betting, albeit with inherent risks. These systems, while providing an illusion of control, also serve as a reminder of the game’s inherent unpredictability.


Roulette’s story is one of adaptation, excitement, and the human fascination with chance. From its historical roots to its modern digital incarnation, the game continues to captivate players worldwide. At Casinoin Ireland, we celebrate this timeless classic, inviting players to partake in a game that’s not just about chance, but about the enduring appeal of taking a chance against all odds.

FAQ Section

Q: Where did roulette come from? A: Roulette originated in 18th century France, evolving from earlier games and mathematical concepts.

Q: When was roulette invented? A: The modern form of roulette was developed in the late 18th century.

Q: Who invented roulette? A: Roulette’s invention is attributed to the evolution of earlier games and was popularised in France, not to a single individual.

Q: How did roulette spread to other countries? A: Roulette spread internationally through trade, gambling tourism, and as part of casino culture.

Q: How has roulette changed over time? A: Roulette has evolved in wheel design, betting options, and with the introduction of the double zero in American roulette.

Q: What are the different types of roulette wheels? A: The primary types are the European wheel with a single zero and the American wheel with a double zero.

Q: What are the different betting options in roulette? A: Betting options include inside bets (like straight, split, corner bets) and outside bets (like red/black, odd/even).

Q: What are the odds of winning in roulette? A: Odds vary based on the bet type, with higher payouts but lower odds for single number bets.

Q: How can I improve my odds of winning in roulette? A: Choose bets with better probabilities, like outside bets, and manage your bankroll effectively.

Q: What are the different strategies for playing roulette? A: Strategies include the Martingale, Fibonacci, and D’Alembert, each with a different approach to betting.

Q: What are some of the most famous roulette players? A: Notable players include Charles Wells, Ashley Revell, and Sir Phillip Green.

Q: What are some of the most popular roulette myths? A: Common myths include the belief in lucky numbers and that past results influence future outcomes.

Q: What is the future of roulette? A: Roulette’s future likely involves greater technological integration, like virtual reality, and continued growth in online gaming.